The Features of Automation and Industrial Robots
The value of automation and robots in all manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced humans in a wide selection of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that want precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick make), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed in a diverse array of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concise explaination a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it can be fixed in place or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in several axes. They are multi-functional devices which can be custom-built and designed to perform variety of operations.
The key aspects of industrial robots is because they might be designed to suit industry specific requirements and may work continuously for many years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economical life time of an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Due to their persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be an indispensable a part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The most important groups of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They're stationary robots having three portions of motion. They work from an overhead grid having a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly utilized to perform 'pick and place' actions. Gantry robots supply their axes higher than the work making them also suitable for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are used for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It could have from two to 10 or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs can be customized with the help of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are essential add-ons. End effectors will be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which can be accustomed to move or assemble parts are instances of end effectors. End effectors are designed and accustomed to sense and connect to the external environment. The final effectors' design is determined by the application form requirements with the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment like robotic arms. Machine vision is used to the inspection of manufactured goods like semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.
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